What does the project present?
This vintage DIY electronic kit was launched on the market in 1981 and was an assembly loved by amateur electronics because of its simplicity and enough power for an apartment.
Power transistors 2N3055 they can be easily purchased as well as the other components. The article also specifies the values of recent equivalent components.
The vintage DIY electronic kit presented is practically a 10W mono amplifier. Thus, in order to have a stereo sound, it is recommended to use two such kits.
How does the assembly work?
An audio amplifier is an electronic assembly, which receives an electrical signal that it reproduces (in terms of frequency), but on a larger scale - so with a power gain (provided by a power take-off from direct current source). The signal frequency is considered in the audio field. The signal can be taken from the radio, mp3 player, PC or laptop and finally amplified on the speaker.
Group R1, C1 ensures only the input of the alternative component. Transistor T1 shows a good signal reception, due to the increased input impedance by connecting capacitor C4.
Diodes D1 and D2 achieve an initial opening voltage for the doublet groups T4 - T5, respectively T2 - T3, which conduct an alternation of the signal, in turn, being then successively blocked. Through the capacitor C6 is separated the direct component due to the direct current source, from the useful signal that is applied on the speaker. The resistor R11 (reaction) serves to control the amplitude of the signal as well as the widening of the frequency band in which the amplifier activates.
In the series production of this DIY electronic kit, they were used three types of leaflets having similar content (one white and two orange). Two of the leaflets had the number 8109, and one 7904. The latter was called "10W Amps".
Technical characteristics of the assembly
- Supply voltage: 20 Vdc.
- Maximum current absorbed: 1A
- Speaker impedance: 4-8 Ohm (minimum power 10W on 4 Ohm)
- Input signal level: 1 - 1.5V
List of required components (with recent equivalents):
- T1 - transistor BC 172 or BC547C
- T2 - transistor SPD1 - BD 136, BD 138, BD 140
- T4 - SND1 transistor - BD 135, BD 137, BD 139
- T3, T5 - transistors SN100 - 2N3055, SDT9301 or 2N3773
- D1, D2 - diode - 1N4001 and 1N4007
- R1 - resistor 1.5 KOhm (min. 0.25W)
- R2 - resistor 5.6 KOhm (min. 0.25W)
- R3 - 680 Ohm resistor (min. 0.25W)
- R4 - resistor 18 KOhm, 22 KOhm, 27 KOhm (min. 0.25W)
- R5 - resistor 1.2 KOhm (min. 0.25W)
- R6 - resistor 3.9 KOhm (min. 0.25W)
- R7, R8 - 470 Ohm resistors (min. 0.25W)
- R9, R10 - 0.47 Ohm resistors (min. 2W)
- R11 - resistor 82 KOhm (min. 0.25W)
- P1 - 250 Ohm semi-adjustable potentiometer or 50K logarithmic potentiometer
- C1 - capacitor 22uF / 25V
- C2 - capacitor 100uF / 25V
- C3 - 220pF / 25V or 339pF / 25V capacitor
- C4 - 100pF / 25V capacitor
- C5 - capacitor 10uF / 6.3V
- C6 - 1000uF / 25V or 6800uF / 25V capacitor (if the value of the capacitor on the output is small only the low frequencies will be attenuated)
- Two radiators for T3 and T5 (see details below)
- Printed wiring or breadboard test board
- Tin or connecting threads
It is recomended that after assembly, before starting to make adjustments and tests, the first measurements should be made with the amplifier without load at input and output (ie without speaker and signal at input).
Also, do not immediately connect the amplifier to the audio signal source. Check that no capacitor on the input is short so as not to risk damage to the signal source (sound card).
The size for the radiators required for T3 and T5 is not specified anywhere in the leaflet. So, we recommend the use of radiators with a minimum size of 16 x 38 x 16 mm3. see here how to calculate the size of the radiator depending on the power dissipated by the transistor.
For a better understanding of the operation of the circuit we will need electronic scheme presented below:
In order to carry out this project in our own laboratory, we will also need printed wiring PCB layout From lower:
Many of you are probably wondering how this DIY electronic kit was packaged or distributed. Below I have attached some pictures with packaged product (new). Thanks sir. Marius Balauta! It is practically the first variant sold on the market out of the three mentioned above.
The image below shows the electronic kit in another variant, having the same prospectus number (8109).
In order to have a clearer view on the components used in the realization of this project, we have attached the picture below. Thank you sir. Adrian Biruescu!
Download the original IPRS leaflet Baneasa 8202
6,550 total hits, 21 hits today
R9 / R10 0,47Ohmi = 2W wound in air on small and purple fibers!
Honestly, I never wound them. I remember using 4W ceramic resistors.
It was one of the first amps I made. If I'm not mistaken, the first one. But, with the amplifiers I always had a problem in the sense that after assembly they didn't work right away. From that moment I started to say that if something works from the first, something is sure to be wrong. The theory still works today 🙂
And for me, but the big problem ... how to supply the installation with 20V DC at the input in 1987, when you could only find 3V, 6V, 9V ???
For the radiators, I know that I bent some aluminum sheets, I drilled holes with something sharp…. like in the forest ..
Does anyone know what the role of those power resistors R9 and R10 0.47R / 3W is?
I remember fondly that a few years ago. I found such an amplifier from someone. For the case I used an old CD ROM. I replaced all the electrolytic capacitors with some of the newer generation. I replaced the capacitor on the speaker output with a 3300uF at 50V. Good times!
To be honest, almost all IPRS kits still work today, of course if you replace those capacitors that weren't very reliable even then.
I had something like this and it worked pretty much until I cut them short between the radiators of the finals… then I took something industrial and I didn't repair it… 🙁
2N3055 is too much for 10W. 2N3773 is even stronger than 2N3055.
What a "noise" those 10 watts were making! 🙂 Now you need 100 Chinese watts, to work as much as that 10 :))
I would put a preamplifier and tone corrector and sell it…
I was making tin radiators. It doesn't transfer too much heat but I didn't manage to burn the finals 🙂
I made an amplification station with this kit. I assembled two kits of these, I assembled two more kits "Preamplifier with tone corrector", I also put two "Audio mixers" and I made a super station. Unfortunately I don't have it anymore. I bought some industrial tools and this one I made I gave to a friend. I asked him about my station years later, hoping to get it back, but he had thrown it in the trash. So you have to take my word for it.
I mounted the BD 911 with the TO-220 capsule instead of the 2n3055 transistors.
Works normally BD 911 is similar in parameters to 2N3055. Even slightly higher in total power and easier to mount with a single screw on the radiator.
Super! Out of curiosity, what size were the radiators?
I used a much larger radiator than necessary recovered from the SH equipment. The transistors were insulated with a small sheet bought commercially together with the screw and the passage insulator.
You can also use TIP3055 or something more powerful TO-247.
For 10w amplifier, any transistor from bd2xx (bd235) upwards can be used as the final transistor. Of course bd4xx 6xx 7xx 9xx would be even better.
So far, so many equivalent transistors have been found ... which makes me happy! The goal is for these kits to be built even today…. they are simplistic and reliable.
I analyzed the scheme, and yes it really is more powerful 3773!
Somehow yes. It's a bit of a beast for assembly and some component values should be changed if you want to use each extra W.
Base capacitors and resistors and collectors!
But it works like that ... I am a fan of using components with an efficiency of over 20% in any assembly. So I have reliability!
Out of curiosity, but if I change 3055 to 3773 without any modification?
The installation will be more reliable if you use the same radiator size as at 3055. Thus, the transistors do not heat up so much.
I made my first inverter through 90 - 91 and I remember changing the 3055 to the 3773 and outputting almost 200W on an automatic power supply transformer when starting the motors for machine tools. I was very satisfied!
Yes 3773 are extremely powerful transistors ... and reliable!
For 10W TIP3055 it's overkill. A BD from 4A and 40w and up is sufficient and cheaper than TIP3055. However, it is a 10W amplifier, not a 100W.
I found several good variants, BD 243, BD x53, TYPE 41, MJE 3055 from almost 3 lei each.
Super, it means that there are many equivalent components that can be used for assembly!
I have one made in 1982, the stereo works even now, powered at 36 V+, it gets you out of the house. What a time, every Saturday we were partying, we had 2 smaller, powerful speakers, Diy, as well as dynamic light, strobe, UV lamp, beacon and new music all the time....